No signs of increased gambling during the pandemic
Gambling did not increase during the first months of the Covid-19 pandemic, but there are signs that those who had previously shown problematic gambling also played more.
This is shown by several studies that were presented when Svenska Spel’s independent research council conducted the annual Research Day last Monday.
This year, the research day was compressed into a 90-minute webinar with a packed program. Two studies presented by Filip Lindner, researcher at Karolinska Institutet, and Anders Håkansson, professor at Lund University, both addressed how gambling was affected during the first months of the pandemic, and the conclusion in both studies was largely the same – no increased gambling, but those who already have gambling problems also played more.
Filip Lindner has investigated how gambling in Sweden changed at the population level during the Corona spring. He could conclude that total gambling seemed to have decreased at the population level vis-à-vis appropriate reference levels. He could also see a clear shift among online players from betting to casino games.
And it’s not so strange considering that there was no range of sports games during most of the spring, comments Sara Lindholm, chairman of Svenska Spel’s independent research council.
In Filip Lindner’s investigation, it could also be stated that no increase in gambling problems had taken place in accordance with the limit laid down in the temporary Gambling Ordinance.
Anders Håkansson could see similar results in his research. Most did not play anymore because of Covid-19, rather there were more who played less. However, one could see tendencies to very high gambling problems in the group that reported increased gambling.
There are two rather small and limited studies from which one may not draw any major conclusions, but they give indications that gambling did not increase, says Sara Lindholm.
The signals also agreed well with the observations made by Anna Söderpalm Gordh, senior lecturer at the University of Gothenburg, and Anders Håkansson, who both work clinically at the addiction center, that they had not seen any increase in referrals to their respective clinics.
Nor did the guideline see any increased pressure during the first phase of the pandemic, and it will be exciting to see if it continues, says Sara Lindholm. Per Binde, associate professor at the University of Gothenburg, presented a study of Swedish rulings during the period 2014-2018 where he and his research colleagues looked at crime linked to gambling problems.
It is an admirable effort to read almost 300 judgments where the word gambling addiction was included. He had made an interesting analysis between men and women, age groups, type of crime, where they lived and how the game was linked to crime, says Sara Lundholm.
And there was a clear difference between the sexes. Women who committed criminal acts linked to gambling problems more often lived in smaller cities and had no previous criminal background, while men more often lived in larger cities and had a different criminal record.
It is human destiny that is behind the numbers. The desperation of people that drives them to crime to be able to finance their gambling addiction is extremely tragic, says Sara Lindholm.